All About Sandy

Three stories today devoted to Hurricane Sandy, and the rise of superstorms: First, Rhitu Chatterjee on PRI's The World, takes a look how big cities around the world are tackling the growing threat of flooding, exacerbated by climate change:

Cities and Rising Waters

The severe flooding caused by Sandy didn’t come as a complete surprise to the City of New York.

Officials there have for some time been looking at ways to make the city more resilient to storm surges. Six years ago, they approached a Dutch scientist for advice.

The Netherlands is a low-lying country that is well known for its heroic efforts at holding back the sea.

The Dutch scientist, Jeroen Aerts of VU University in Amsterdam, says New York officials wanted to know what they could do to make the city more flood-proof. But, at the time, they weren’t interested in big engineering solutions... Read and hear more.

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Next, Peter Thomson, also with PRI's The World, looks at the possible connection between storms like Sandy and changes in the Arctic:

Sandy and Climate Change - An Arctic Connection?

Power failures and transportation gridlock continue to plague much of the northeastern United States Tuesday as what’s now being called “post-tropical cyclone Sandy” moves inland.

The swath of destruction being left by Sandy comes as just the latest in a wave of extreme weather events around the world in the last couple of years.

That’s led many people to wonder whether it’s more than just a string of bad luck... Read and hear more.

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And finally, John Flesher with the AP in Michigan weighs in on the storm's impacts - all the way over in the Great Lakes:

Superstorm Sandy Halts Great Lakes Shipping

TRAVERSE CITY — Cargo shipping was at a standstill Tuesday on the Great Lakes as superstorm Sandy churned waves up to two stories high, forcing crews to take refuge in bays and harbors and raising concerns about an economic blow if the shutdown is prolonged.

The lakes are a bustling maritime highway for ships that haul bulk commodities such as iron ore, coal, limestone and grain. The massive vessels, some longer than three football fields, are built for punishment and accustomed to plowing through rough seas — even during the "gales of November" that in bygone days scuttled many a craft, including the legendary Edmund Fitzgerald nearly 37 years ago.

"We don't stop for thunderstorms and flurries," said Glen Nekvasil, spokesman for the Lake Carriers' Association, which represents U.S.-flagged cargo ships on the Great Lakes. "The lakes don't have to be perfectly flat. It has to be a significant weather event for ships to go to anchor or stay in port. But this was just too much."... Read and see more.